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The neck supports the head, which weighs about 12 lbs. The head turns, nods back & forth and bends side to side. The vertebra, discs and muscles around the neck perform all these fine movements and also support the head in all sorts positions, often for long periods of time.
This is where the muscles that support the neck play up, and cause stiffness, neck pain and possibly a headache. The discomfort can spread to the shoulder, arm and upper back. This neck pain will often settle down on its own in a day or two, but if neck pain lasts longer than that it's often a good idea to have it treated.
The facet joints are the small joints at the back of a vertebra. When a facet joint in the neck is moved beyond its normal range of movement, the ligaments supporting the joint are overstretched and, in turn the muscles that support the neck go into a protective spasm. This will cause neck pain and stiffness. This pain may also be felt in the head, shoulder, the arm and even the hand. This condition can be very painful, but will usually respond quickly to osteopathic manipulation.
Whiplash is commonly associated with Car Accidents, where a car is hit either from the side or from behind, although these injuries can be sustained in many other ways, including falls on ice and during sport.
Whiplash injuries are complex, and the onset of symptoms can be delayed by a day or two, so everyone involved in a Car Crash should be examined by a Doctor and have an x-ray to rule out serious injury.
Whiplash can best be described as "A sudden acceleration or deceleration applied to a human body which is not prepared for such an event."
The idea of lack of preparedness is very important, as the bodies protective mechanisms are just not ready to cope with the instantaneous impact of collision.
The muscles, ligaments, vertebra and discs in the neck are all potential tissues that can be damaged. It is not unusual for the lower back and pelvis to be involved, as all the spinal tissues are trying to support the head and neck during the whiplash episode.
Spondylosis is usually associated with elderly people, and people who have had experienced injuries to their necks. The ageing process should not be painful, and it's a cop-out for medics to say things like "This Pain - It's because of your age". Many people have spondylosis and are pain-free. The neck pain that's attributed to wear & tear is often muscular and should respond well to osteopathic treatment.
Torticollis from the Latin, tortus = twisted, column = neck. There are a variety of reasons for torticollis. The condition usually involves the sternocleidomastoid muscle, which runs from the sternum to the mastoid process, the bony area just behind the ear. This condition can be present from birth or can develop later on in life. This condition can sometimes be helped with osteopathy, but the severity of the condition can limit the prognosis.
This can be a very painful condition as the nerves that run from the neck to the shoulder and arm are often affected. There may be pain, numbness, pins & needles and even weakness in the arm and hand. It can very difficult finding a position to relieve the symptoms.
This condition can be very difficult to treat, and in the acute stage certain pain-relieving can be helpful. A neck collar that lifts the head up from the shoulder can add traction to the neck and relieve compression to the affected nerve. Sleeping on your back with something to lift the shoulder up can relieve traction to the affected nerve. It is worth seeing an experienced osteopath for advice, but it's unlikely they will be able to treat a genuine cervical disc prolapse.
Tissues in the neck, such as the facet joints, intervertebral discs, nerves and muscles can cause a variety of headaches. The facet joints, discs and nerves in the upper half of the neck will often cause headaches, while lower down in the neck they can cause issues around the shoulder and arm.
There are a number of muscles at the front, side and back of the neck. Each of these muscles has a predictable pain pattern. These muscles can cause pain to be experienced in the face, the jaw, around the eye, top of the head, temples and back of the head.
The muscles at the front of the neck can cause pain around the face and jaw, and can easily be overlooked in cases such as TMJ syndrome, one sided tinnitus, or the feeling of something stuck in your throat (globus) and facial pain.
There is muscle that forms the floor of the mouth, the Digastric muscle, that can also cause issues around the front of the neck and with swallowing. These muscles can be treated using acupuncture.
The Scalene Muscles, which run from the front of the neck to the upper ribs, can cause pain and numbness in the shoulder, arm and hand. This muscle is often involved when people hunched over in a bad posture at a computer have to hyperventilate.